The present work The present work is aimed at determination of the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of its leaf essential oil. Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia for providing the bacterial
Zhang, C.-R. Yang, K.-K. Chen, and H.-J. Double mutation in Eleusine indica alpha-tubulin increases the resistance of transgenic maize calli to dinitroaniline and phosphorothioamidate herbicides. Many herbal products, such as the one studied in this article, have traditional uses that are now being investigated to create an evidence base that will facilitate their inclusion in general medical practice. PLoS One, 9(8), [e103999]. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. J. Eleusine indica, the Indian goosegrass, yard-grass, goosegrass, wiregrass, or crowfootgrass, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. Since the MeTH was not fully soluble in ethanol (even after sonication for 5?min), the extract was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Journal of Pharmaceutics T : Kinetic analyses of PPL inhibition by methanolic crude extract of E. indica . crowsfoot grass. 1, 2018 90 ISSN 2704-3568 Antiurolithiatic activity of ethanolic extract of Eleusine indica Linn. Eleusine indica commonly called Wiregrass (Poaceae family) is used . Introduction Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Molecules 19(10), 16240-16265. The plant has been the component of “basic remedy” in Vietnamese traditional medicine [2, 3] and also used for kidney problems in Trinidad and Tobago . In addition, we also report 115,417 simple sequence repeats which can be deployed in population genetics and phylogenetic analysis. The therapeutic benefit of medicinal plants is usually contributed to their antioxidant properties [26–28]. It has been reported previously that some plant extracts have shown to have multi-biological activities of possessing both antibacterial and antioxidant activities [35–37]. Eleusine indica L. (Gaertn), commonly known as goosegrass, is a monocot weed belonging to the Poaceae family . Thus, the Asp-2078-Gly substitution is the basis for resistance to ACCase inhibitors for the R biotype. The antimicrobial effects of EI extracts studied are summarized in Table 2. Eleusine indica . These metabolites include the flavonoids, phenols and phenolic glycosides, saponins, cyanogenic glycosides, unsaturated lactones and glucosinolates [5–8]. Please note: The publisher is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. These results demonstrate that the extract prepared from the EI possesses antioxidant activity in vitro in addition to antibacterial properties. It is a species of grass in the family Poacaceo with where AB is absorption of blank sample (?min), AA is absorption of tested extract solution (?min). Zur Gattung gehört die Getreideart Fingerhirse (Eleusine coracana) und mit Eleusine indica ein heute weltweit verbreitetes, gefürchtetes „Unkraut Eleusine indica was evaluate for hepatoprotective effects and its mechanism of action was studied. A chromosome‐scale draft sequence of the Canada fleabane genome. 2015 We determined seed germination toxicity, soil microbial viable counts, catalase activity, dehydrogenase activity (DHA), and the concentrations of TPH and 14 polycyclic … Anchors are hits found by MUMmer during alignment. The assembled genome contains 25,467 unique protein‐coding genes. The stem or the leaf sheath (part where To date, few studies of EI have been reported; specially, its phytochemical content of sterol glucosides forms  and C-glycosylflavone having anti-inflammatory activity . Glyphosate-resistant biotypes of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. A dose-response curve for the percentages of viability cells (0–100%) was plotted against concentrations of 0.469–60?g/ml of the extracts. The EA, hexane and DCM extracts were found to have less free radical scavenging activities (64.5, 47.19 and 40.83%, resp.) rumput belulang berkembang biak dengan menggunakan biji. M. S. thesis, Rutgers-the State University of New Jersey, 1959 and unpublished data. Screening of antibacterial activity was carried out by determining the zone of inhibition using the Paper Disc (6?mm in diameter, Whatman No. Biosci. Eleusine ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). cd T cells proliferation was affected to the greatest extent by Polyscias fulva. As mentioned by Giam (2016), approximately three-quarters of human-attributed This is the first report of ACCase-inhibitor resistance in goosegrass from the United States and from a turfgrass system.Nomenclature: Goosegrass, Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Briefly, EI extracts stock solutions were prepared at 100?mg/ml in ethanol. Figure S6. Most orthogroups only include two species, followed by seven species. Finally, the combined extracts for each solvent were filtered through Whatman No. Apart from this, the assay is useful to screen large number of samples with different polarity. A check on seed set in the September post-emergence test showed that … MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells were purchased from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC), USA. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 13(4), 131-140. 2016;29: 1875–1878. Eleucine indica (EI) is traditionally used in ailments associated with liver and kidneys. Due to rice cropping-pattern changes, E indica has become one of the main dominant grass weeds infecting direct-seeding paddy fields. 41 filter paper (pore size 20–25?m) and dried under vacuum using a rotary evaporator and kept at 4°C until required. The whole plant, especially the root, is depurative, diuretic, febrifuge and laxative, and hence is used for the treatment of influenza, hypertension, oliguria and urine retention. Table S1. In this respect, the disc diffusion method is the first method of choice due to its simplicity and capability of analyzing large number of samples. Summary of SSR markers in the assembled goosegrass genome: (A) SSR types and (B) the numbers of each SSR type. https://doi Table S2. Learn about our remote access options, Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Science, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA, Department of Biological Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA, School of Fisheries, Aquaculture and Aquatic Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Biological Sciences, Atlanta, GA, USA, Correspondence to: JS McElroy, Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Science, Auburn University, Alabama, USA. However, the results of antibacterial activities of EI extracts indicated that MeTH did not exhibit any antibacterial activity. Investigating the Mechanisms of Glyphosate Resistance in Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) Population from South China. The working solution was prepared in methanol at concentration of 500?g/ml. On the other hand, the EA extract showed a broad spectrum activity, compared with the positive control (Streptomycin) against all tested bacteria except for B. subtilis, which showed resistance to all extracts of EI.
E. indica seeds germinated between 20°C and WC with opti- However, the EA extract exhibited a broad spectrum antibacterial activity against all tested bacteria except Bacillus subtilis, in which this bacterium was found to be resistant to all EI extracts. Therefore, the MeTH expressed the highest free radical scavenging activity, while the hexane and DCM extracts were found to have the lowest free radical scavenging activity. In India and Africa, because of the importance of E. coracana, only bioherbicidal control using local agents was possible. Absorbance was measured at 765?nm using a Shimadzu UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The ligule (a scale at the attachment of the leaf sheaf to the leaf blade) is membra-nous and fringed. This research used a descriptive analytical method. SHARMA Abstract E&wine Mica and Sporoboluspyrami are common grasses … Eleusine indica es una maleza problemática en céspedes, y el sobreuso de herbicidas dinitroaniline (dna) ha resultado en la evolución de poblaciones resistentes. Murrill,”, A. Eleusine indica. Further investigations are needed to verify the antioxidant effects in vitro and in vivo. Conclusion:These results clearly show the antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory activities of plant extracts collected
The use of evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine is increasing rapidly. The powdered leaves (300?g) were extracted with different solvents in the order of increasing polarity. Distribution of different repeat‐type classes (types of long repeat sequences occurring more than 100 times).
Eleusine indica, and Polyscias fulva. Mengenal gulma rumput Belulang (Eleusine indica L.) Share this post, please! Copyright © 2011 Adel S. Al-Zubairi et al. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. The DPPH solution in methanol (2.5?mg/ml) was freshly prepared before all absorption measurements. E indica is … Die etwa zehn Arten sind fast weltweit verbreitet, mit Verbreitungsschwerpunkt im tropischen Afrika. E‐mail: [email protected]
Goosegrass has a broad tolerance to a wide range of environmental conditions, but its vegetative growth is significantly reduced during dry seasons [2, 3]. Meanwhile, in the DPPH inhibition results (Figure 1), the MeTH has shown to have the most free radical scavenging activity as observed from the percentage inhibition of the DPPH absorption (77.7%). Eleusine indica. extract,”, S. Ćavar, M. Maksimović, M. E. Šolić, A. Jerković-Mujkić, and R. Bešta, “Chemical composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of two Satureja essential oils,”, S. Sahoo, D. M. Kar, S. Mohapatra, S. P. Rout, and S. K. Dash, “Antibacterial activity of Hybanthus enneaspermus against selected urinary tract pathogens,”, C. C. Rath, S. K. Dash, R. K. Mishra, and J. K. Charyulu, “, T. Mosmann, “Rapid colorimetric assay for cellular growth and survival: application to proliferation and cytotoxicity assays,”, D. L. Mahdavi and D. K. Salunkhe, “Toxicological aspects of food antioxidant,” in, M.K. Hence, hexane extract will be the best target for further research for the development of antibacterial agents. The number of singletons is 172 731 499. goosegrass. The radical scavenging activity of extracts was determined following the method of Changwei et al. This information can be used in biotechnology research which contains explanations about herbicides-resistant, including early detection and management for herbicides-resistant E. indica biotype. Available online at www.ijpab.com ISSN: 2320 – 7051 Int. 14(5), 909-918. for financial support, and the Laboratory of Molecular
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