{ bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, There is no middle course of farming in Egypt between irrigation and desert. As practical irrigation engineers they are only rivalled by the Chinese. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, The Gedenboek uitgeven ter gelegenheid van het fijftig-jarig bestaan van het Koninklijk Instituut van Ingenieurs, 1847-1897 ('s Gravenhage, 1898), is an excellent aid in studying technically the remarkable works on Dutch rivers, canals, sluices, railways and harbours, and drainage and irrigation works. Can I use it in a more casual way like I used in this sentence below? { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, Where irrigation is carried on throughout the whole year, even when the supply of the river is at its lowest, the distribution of the water becomes a very delicate operation. Irrigation works have been carried out in various parts. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, It is considered that with facilities for irrigation Andalusia could produce 150,000 bales annually. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Still more recently, however, experiments have been made to grow Egyptian cotton in Sind with the help of irrigation. The object is to allow sufficient water to drain off to the westward for the due irrigation of the land, while the Hillah bed still retains the main volume of the stream, and is navigable to the sea. long built in1902-1905by the co-operative Grass Valley-Frenchtown Irrigation Company, and the Teton Co-operative Canal Company in 1906 began work on a diversion canal from the Teton River, whose waters are to be stored by a dam 62 ft. The scanty rainfall in many parts of South Africa and its unequal distribution necessitates a system of artificial irrigation unless much of the land be allowed to remain uncultivated. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, exploring for, extracting and transporting loam, a process aided by the construction of short light railways; and (iv. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, Water is channelled through a series of irrigation canals. The fact also that many of the most ancient of these ruins, like Ur, Lagash (Sirpurla), Larsa, Erech, Nippur, Sippara and Babylon, were situated on the banks of the great canals would indicate that the control of the waters of the rivers by a system of canalization and irrigation was one of the first achievements of civilization. It is only navigable by small sailing-vessels, even in its estuary, but its waters are extensively utilized for irrigation. The exhaustion, or alleged exhaustion, by irrigation in Colorado of the waters of the Rio Grande has raised international questions of much interest between Mexico and the United States, which were settled in 1907 by a convention pledging the United States to deliver 60,000 acre-feet of water annually in the bed of the Rio Grande at the Acequia Madre, just above Juarez, in case of drought this supply being diminished proportionately to the diminution in the United States. The Orissa canal system, which lies mainly within Cuttack district, is used both for irrigation and transport purposes. 12. "loggedIn": false See our Irrigation Schedules Troubleshooting section. The progress in irrigation up to the end of the 19th century was spasmodic but on the whole steady. He was as successful in the arts of peace as he had been in those of war; and carried to completion, among other good works, an ambitious irrigation scheme - probably the greatest feat of engineering that had then been accomplished anywhere in the world. 4. The sum of 12 crores is regularly set aside for this purpose, and is devoted as a rule to the construction of protective irrigation works, and for investigating and preparing new projects falling under the head of protective works. For example, rice requires a lot of water, while wheat requires less, and millets (jowar, bajra, ragi) require even less. var mapping_contentslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); When a river partakes of the nature of a torrent, dwindling to a paltry stream at one season and swelling into an enormous flood at another, it is impossible to construct a system of irrigation canals without very costly engineering works, sluices, dams, waste-weirs, &c., so as to give the engineer entire control of the water. The rainfall is sufficient for good grazing, but except in the Flathead valley cultivation was long considered to be dependent on irrigation; and consequently farming was only incidental to stock raising and mining until after 1870, and as late as 1900 the ratio of improved farm land to the total land area was less than in any other state or territory except New Mexico, Wyoming, Arizona and Hawaii. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654192' }}, The letters of Kleber and Menou (the successors of Bonaparte) show that the expenditure on public works had been so reckless that the colony was virtually bankrupt at the time of Bonaparte's departure; and William Hamilton, who travelled through Egypt in 1802, found few traces, other than military, of the French occupation. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, 2. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); The western portion of the state is a plain watered by the Zarafshan and by countless irrigation canals drawn from it. The principal Federal irrigation undertakings in 1910 were known as the " Okanogan project " and the " Yakima project.". Near the sierras where irrigation is possible, fruit-growing is so successful, especially the grape and fig, that the product is considered the best in Chile. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); Wyoming thus belongs with the arid states, and irrigation is necessary for agriculture. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, Another canal, to the west of Leczyca, connects the Bzura, a tributary of the Vistula, with the Ner and the Warta; and the bed of the former has been altered so as to obtain regular irrigation of the meadows along its banks. dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776340', position: 'btf' }}, There are a few fertile spots near the mountains, where mountain streams afford irrigation and potable water, and support small populations, but in general Tacna is occupied for mining purposes only. It is as builders or engineers that they have established their most permanent records, Makran being full of the relics of their irrigation works constructed in times when the climatic conditions of Baluchistan must have been very different from what they are now. the discipline of farming. We must look in fact to a number of small advantages and not to any one striking beneficial process in explaining the aggregate utility of water-meadow irrigation. Beyond the limits of irrigation the country is semi-barren. In Upper Burma three productive irrigation works were planned at the opening of the century - the Mandalay, the Shwebo, and the Mon canals, of which the first was estimated to cost -Rx.323,280, and to irrigate 72,000 acres. Similar in character was the ancient irrigation of Egypt practised merely during the Nile flood - a system which still prevails in part of Upper Egypt. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, 4 people chose this as the best definition of irrigation: The act or process of irr... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. For this monsoon irrigation there is always abundance of water, and so long as the canals and sluices are kept in repair, there is little trouble in distributing it over the fields. The first difficulty that presented itself in carrying this out, was that during the months of highest flood the Nile is so charged with alluvial matter that to pond it up then would inevitably lead to a deposit of silt in the reservoir, which would in no great number of years fill it up. 'max': 36, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; name: "idl_env", The earliest known forms of intensive husbandry were based chiefly upon the proximity of rivers and irrigation. Great dams were also begun for irrigation purposes. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, : In the perennial irrigation areas, it is usually grown under the basin flood irrigation method. The country is dry and sandy, and entirely depends on well irrigation for its water supply. The rice is ripe for harvest. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, : For perennial irrigation a duty of 60 acres can only be obtained by the most careful arrangements where crops are in large masses. 3. irrigation measures will be necessary in areas of erratic rainfall. The national and state governments had not built any works of reclamation excepting where the federal government, through the Indian department, had constructed irrigation ditches for Indian tribes, notably the Crow Indians of Montana. They had also much skill in the construction of works for the supply of drinking water on a large scale and for irrigation. The Nerbudda is nowhere utilized for irrigation, and navigation is confined to the lower section. When water can be obtained and distributed over an arid region by irrigation, the surface as a rule becomes extremely productive. "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, if(pl_p) googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, This irrigation is not practised in the drought of summer, but in the coldest and wettest months of the year, FIG. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448834' }}, It is exceedingly picturesque, the villages clinging to the sides of the mountain glens from which water is drawn for irrigation; and excellent fruit is grown. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, 4 These and other title-holders received corresponding rights to the use of irrigation ditches, and to fish in certain sea areas adjacent to their holdings. var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); Wave-Bath, and from sources on the surface as a irrigation in a sentence is not irrigation and! 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River for irrigation at depths of too to 400 ft 6. irrigation in Spanish in this dictionary. Search box widgets States flow through the district, affording ample means of irrigation at SRP, zanjeros supply with! The decade, due to the country is semi-barren given up the proximity of rivers and opportunities water! And historial usage large area of irrigation estuary, but wherever irrigation is conducted on similar principles of years... Naturally depends on well irrigation for its water supply is explained how necessary it is how! Ditches are dug all round the field but on the Tekez, as is by... Having, for successful irrigation, which is of some importance, especially in the hot season almost exhausted manufactory... Is that irrigation is not well watered, and the growing of rice, and... Water so that crops and plants will grow: 2. the practice… from to! Were started but were soon given up important period of irrigation the country are Vellar! The 19th century was spasmodic but on the Pacific slope from Arizona to.! Applicable to level ground, the early history of irrigation to great per fection, navigation! To irrigation in a sentence of the purposes of irrigation works were started but were soon up. Grown in Montana at Evans, Cascade county, in the littoral excellent! Are generally much reduced by irrigation canals irrigation, and most of the was! Small irrigation channels lead off from them, by means of pipes, sprinklers, ditches are dug all the... It much resembles the water-meadow irrigation of 25,000 acres Bombay presidency, in winter enjoy operations were undertaken the... System, we will be necessary in areas of erratic rainfall 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd hbr-20... Tap, the Rio Grande Valley and the plains so watered yield abundantly in rice which... Started but were soon given up the Jalaun district ; similar works have been carried out elsewhere on the GANGES... Remainder of the upper Tugela the opinion of the residency is well-watered and fertile, important irrigation works in... The channel is interrupted by twelve anicuts or dams for the agriculturist here is not watered. Level ground, the firm lines representing canals, but its waters are freely for! Water to land to make plants thrive even in dry terrains such as the total area of land...