Russet potatoes are a family of potatoes—russet simply refers to the color of the skin—and popular varieties include Burbank and Norkotah. Kyrgyzstan. Germany was the largest producer of potatoes in the EU in 2018 (at 8.9 million tonnes, 17.2 % of the EU total), ahead of France (15.2 %), Poland (14.3 %) and the Netherlands (11.6 %). The area of potatoes in the EU has been in long-term decline. EUROPEAN POTATOES. Copyright © 2021 Helgi Library. With a consumption level of 136 kg per year, it takes an honorable third place. As production continues to increase, large farms are becoming more common, while small, family-owned farms are transitioning to other crops. Slightly more than three-quarters (78.7 %) of these imports were early potatoes: 280 000 tonnes (worth EUR 99.7 million) entered the European market, mainly from Egypt (61.3 %) and Israel (37.2 %). 15.4 % Potato production in the EU is highly concentrated. more than in the previous year and Estonia – Rye Bread. So I looked it up, and I was right. In 20th century, potato became accepted across entire world as one of the most beloved and produced food sources, effectively becoming the most essential crop of Europe. This article describes the potato sector in the European Union. Its high caloric value and wide variety of types enabled it to appear in every cuisine in the world. The world potato sector is undergoing major changes. In Austria, however, farms producing organic potatoes accounted for one-fifth (20.4 %) of all farms producing potatoes. In the list, products are detailed at an 8-digit level — only information at this detailed level can be found in the Prodcom database, as production data for different products cannot always be meaningfully aggregated. With nearly X thousand tonnes, China became the world’s leading sweet potato consuming country, accounting for X% of global consumption. By contrast, there were some Member States where holdings growing potatoes did so on a relatively large scale: in Denmark the average area of potatoes was 26.1 ha in 2016, and in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom it was 16.5 ha. Organic potato production remains a relatively small segment of the market in most Member States. The average annual growth amounted to 1.48 % since 1961. Let Them Eat Potatoes In most of Europe, the upper classes saw the potato's potential before the more superstitious lower classes, and the encouragement to begin growing potatoes had to come from above. Three Member States accounted for two-thirds of intra-EU exports of potatoes in value terms: France (28.0 %), the Netherlands (23.3 %) and Germany (16.8 %). Almost 1.5 million agricultural holdings in the EU grew potatoes in 2016, of which two-thirds were in Romania (40.4 %) and Poland (25.2 %). The EU is a net exporter of potatoes. the ten largest countries some 66.1 % in 2017. Eurostat also collects annual agricultural prices (in principle net of VAT) to compare agricultural price levels between EU Member States and to study sales channels. Also a lot. As a diet for the native population, it proved to be ideal. The EU was a net exporter of processed potatoes; it exported processed potatoes to the value of EUR 6.2 billion in 2017 and imported processed potatoes to the value of EUR 4.5 billion. When the potato was taken to Spain, only one variety was taken (Mann, 2011). Frozen chips and crisps were the most significant products in terms of production value. The heartiest potato eaters are Europeans. Unfortunately, most people eat potatoes in the form of greasy French fries or potato chips, and even The output of agricultural activity includes output sold (including trade in agricultural goods and services between agricultural units), changes in stocks, output for own final use (own final consumption and own-account gross fixed capital formation), output produced for further processing by agricultural producers, as well as intra-unit consumption of livestock feed products. Poland. The food chain approach is indeed one of the key issues within the EU Commission both for its socio-economic importance and for the extensive legislative EU framework, which is one of the most EU-level harmonised (e.g. Even though per-capita consumption here has been on the decline for years, compared to rice (around 5.5 kg per capita) and pasta (around 8.1 kg per capita), potatoes are still the runaway “side dish” favourite, with every German eating an average of up a 57 kg of them a year. Statistics on the structure of agricultural holdings (FSS). Member States traded about 7 million tonnes of potatoes between themselves (Intra EU trade) in 2018, the market value of which was EUR 1.7 billion (0.05 % of all intra-EU exports). Potatoes aren’t native to Ireland—or anywhere in Europe, for that matter. 2 Sections B and C. Prodcom statistics are based on a list of products called the Prodcom list which consists of more than 3 800 headings, and which is revised every year. In addition, it is of great relevance also within international organisations, such as, among others, OECD - see the OECD Meeting of Agricultural Ministers held in Paris on 7-8 April 2016 and FAO. Central African Republic with 1.00 kt Statistics on crop products are obtained by sample surveys, supplemented by administrative data and estimates based on expert observations. This represented 2.7  % of the value of total EU agricultural output in 2017, a proportion that varied among Member States from 6.2 % in Belgium to 0.8 % in Hungary. General Food law Regulation (EC) No 178/2002). The top ranked country, China, accounted for 25.1 % 246,667 kt in 2017 in the World according to Faostat. The purpose of Prodcom statistics is to report, for each product in the Prodcom list, how much production has been sold during the reference period. When Europeans came to South America, they took the potato back to Europe. Compared to the volume and value of intra-EU trade, the EU imported few potatoes from non-EU countries: the EU imported 355 800 tonnes from abroad, to a value of EUR 127.9 million. Farms producing potatoes in EU are typically very small. A comprehensive Farm structure survey (FSS) is carried out by EU Member States every 10 years (the full scope being the agricultural census) and intermediate sample surveys are carried out twice between these basic surveys. They were once guarded by the king and are sometimes eaten with apple sauce. It lends its price to rarity, as the variety is only cultivated on an island off the coast of western France—Noirmoutier. Every single potato has to be hand picked, so the work of harvesting can be quite extensive. The statistics collected on agricultural products cover more than 100 individual crop products. The statistical information presented in this publication is drawn from the Eurostat database, available at the Eurostat website. In 2009, potato blight wiped out most of the tomatoes and potatoes on the East Coast of the United States. The variation in the proportion of total trade in goods accounted for by intra-EU trade reflects to some degree historical ties and geographical location. A brief history of the potato . agriculture’s contribution to each EU Member State’s wealth; the structure and composition of agricultural production and inputs; the remuneration of factors of production; relationships between prices and quantities of both inputs and outputs. rural development (for example, activities other than agriculture); management and farm labour input (including age, sex and relationship to the holder). The rounding base is also shown in order to indicate the range of possible true values of the total. Eurostat is legally bound to respect such confidentiality, but may use the confidential amount in EU totals, as long as it is not revealed by doing so. including subsidies, but excluding taxes on products) of the raw potatoes (including seed potatoes) produced across the EU in 2017 was EUR 11.3 billion (see Table 3 and Figure 6). Farmers face some problems, including a lack of coordination between growers, and a scarcity of high quality, virus-free seeds. China ranked the highest in potato consumption with 61,980 kt It began to be grown as food more than 7,000 years ago. Information is collected for the area under cultivation (expressed in 1 000 hectares), the quantity harvested (expressed in 1 000 tonnes) and the yield (expressed in 100 kg per hectare). This is 2.96 % The potato is grown by planting a piece of itself. While potato production is declining in most of Europe, the In the FSS organic data has been collected since the 2000 Census. Estonians have a love affair with their breads, and rye is the most popular variety of all. Potatoes were cultivated on 1.7 million hectares (ha) in the EU-28 in 2018 (see Table 1). All rights reserved. Only 20 000 holdings produced potatoes under organic farming conditions, with just over one half of these located in either Poland (23.7 %), Austria (14.7 %) or Germany (14.0 %) (see Table 2). For some products, data at a national level may be supplemented by regional statistics at NUTS level 1 or level 2. Potato plants are herbaceous perennials that grow about 60 cm (24 in) high, depending on variety, with the leaves dying back after flowering, fruiting and tuber formation. Data for more countries are available at Potato Consumption (Total) indicator page. Whereas France and Germany were the main export traders in main crop potatoes (36.8 % and 21.7 % respectively of the intra-EU total in value terms), the Netherlands was alone responsible for more than one half (58.2 %) of the value of all seed potatoes traded within the EU and Cyprus (24.9 %) was the principal intra-EU trader of early potatoes. COMEXT is the Eurostat reference database for international trade. Sweet Potato Growing Countries . Historically, total potato consumption reached an all time high of 246,667 kt in 2017 and an all time low of 106,356 kt in 1962. The Irish famine was the worst to occur in Europe in the 19th century: about one million people died from starvation or from typhus and other famine-related diseases. This share was much higher in the Netherlands (15.8 % of all arable land), Belgium (11.1 %) and in Malta (7.1 %). This corresponded to 1.6 % of all arable land in the EU. 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