Réunion is an outermost region of the European Union and, as an overseas department of France, part of the eurozone.[3]. Haiti, also an independent republic, occupies the western third of the island. Dominican Republic, country of the West Indies that occupies the eastern two-thirds of Hispaniola, the second largest island of the Greater Antilles chain in the Caribbean Sea. They broadcast daily content about weather and local services. [46] Since 2016, the unemployment rate has risen again, and reached 24.3% in 2018, nonetheless the fourth lowest yearly figure in 40 years. 5.43pm EDT 17:43 Final score: Republic of Ireland 1-0 Switzerland; 5.41pm EDT 17:41 Final score: Peterborough 3-1 Coventry; 5.40pm EDT 17:40 GOAL! Professional footballers include Dimitri Payet, Ludovic Ajorque, Florent Sinama Pongolle and Guillaume Hoarau. The 76,192-square-kilometre (29,418 sq mi) island is divided into two separate, sovereign nations: the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic (48,445 km 2, 18,705 sq mi) to the east and French / Haitian Creole-speaking Haiti (27,750 km 2, 10,710 sq mi) to the west.The only other shared island in the Caribbean is Saint Martin, which is shared between France (Saint Martin) … In Mayotte, however, 63.8% of the population voted to remain part of the French Republic. It lies 105 miles (170 km) from southern France and 56 miles (90 km) from northwestern Italy, and it is separated from Sardinia by the 7-mile (11-km) Strait of Bonifacio. Cantonese, Arabic, Tamil is also taught as an optional language in some schools.[35]. On this day in 1768 the Republic of Genoa, an important maritime trading republic, handed the island of Corsica over to France. Beaches at Boucan Canot are surrounded by a stretch of restaurants that particularly cater to tourists. Moringue is a popular combat/dance sport similar to capoeira. Lava flow emitted in 2005 by the Piton de la Fournaise, The climate in Réunion is tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation. [citation needed]. France (French: ), officially the French Republic (French: République française), is a country primarily located in Western Europe, consisting of metropolitan France and several overseas regions and territories. There are several famous Réunionese sportsmen and women like the handballer Jackson Richardson, as well as the karateka Lucie Ignace. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 reduced the importance of the island as a stopover on the East Indies trade route. The Republic of Ireland occupies more than 80% of the island of Ireland. OneRepublic is an American pop rock band formed in Colorado Springs, Colorado, in 2002. That program was led by influential Gaullist politician Michel Debré, who was an MP for Réunion at the time. 28 August 2020. [6], From the 17th to the 19th centuries, French colonisation, supplemented by importing Africans, Chinese and Indians as workers, contributed to ethnic diversity in the population. [41] The island's remote location combined with its stable political alignment with Europe makes it a key location for satellite receiving stations[42] and naval navigation. The first members of the "Bourbon" group of garden roses originated on this island (then still Île Bourbon, hence the name) from a spontaneous hybridisation between Damask roses and Rosa chinensis,[26] which had been brought there by the colonists. Creoles (a name given to those born on the island, regardless of ethnic origins) make up the majority of the population. Slavery was abolished on 20 December 1848 (a date celebrated yearly on the island), when the French Second Republic abolished slavery in the French colonies. France, officially the French Republic (French: République Française), is a country with which almost every traveller has a relationship. The slopes of both volcanoes are heavily forested. As an integral part of France, its head of state is the President of the French Republic, and its head of government is the Prime Minister of France. In 2017, the GDP of Réunion at market exchange rates, not at PPP, was estimated at 19.7 billion euros (US$22.3 bn) and the GDP per capita (also at market exchange rates) was 22,900 euros (US$25,900). [28] These populations have mixed from the earliest days of the island's colonial history (the first settlers married women from Madagascar and of Indo-Portuguese heritage), resulting in a majority population of mixed race and of "Creole" culture. [citation needed], By the early 1600s, nominal Portuguese rule had left Santa Apolónia virtually untouched. This is a list of islands of France, including both metropolitan France and French overseas islands. Known as the Children of Creuse, they and their fate came to light in 2002 when one of them, Jean-Jacques Martial, filed suit against the French state for kidnapping and deportation of a minor. Réunion from space (NASA image): The three cirques, forming a kind of three-leafed clover shape, are visible in the central north west of the image. In 2019 a light rail system was proposed to link Le Barachois with the airport. It is not known exactly how many people of each ethnicity live in Réunion, since the French census does not ask questions about ethnic origin,[29] which applies in Réunion because it is a part of France in accordance with the 1958 constitution. However, in the 18 th century the Corsicans rebelled against Genoese rule and took over most of the island by the middle of the 18 th century. Offshore, part of the west coast is characterised by a coral reef system. [16] Réunion holds the world records for the most rainfall in 12-, 24-, 72- and 96-hour periods. The French exploited the land. The present Fifth Republic has, however, enjoyed notable stability since its promulgation on September … Much of the west coast is ringed by coral reef which harbours, among other animals, sea urchins, conger eels, and parrot fish. [31] The percentages for mixed race people and those of Afro-Malagasy origins vary widely in estimates. The island is 63 km (39 mi) long; 45 km (28 mi) wide; and covers 2,512 km2 (970 sq mi). It is also subdivided into 49 cantons, meaningful only for electoral purposes at the departmental or regional level. It is above a hotspot in the Earth's crust. See the History section for more details. The measures, which have been introduced under the Safer Travel policy, mean that some travellers arriving from regions in France and Ireland will be subject to lesser isolation requirements than … When the island was restored to France by the Congress of Vienna in 1815, it retained the name of "Bourbon". 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