Introduction. Addressing internalized racism involves considering how “one’s values, knowledge and life experience are heavily influenced by racism,” often at an unconscious level (Ife, 2013). A study of 13,703 Sami adults found that racism was strongly related to increased psychological distress (Hansen & Sørlie, 2012). Such accountability requires visible and strong organizational leadership to combat racism and foster anti-racist social norms as well as approaches to enhancing positive intergroup contact in workplaces and symbolic activities, such as welcome to country protocols and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flags (Paradies et al., 2009; Trenerry, Franklin, & Paradies, 2010). As well as further investigation of the physiological impacts of racism on indigenous peoples, another possible avenue for future research is to examine the health impacts of colonization, operationalized as historical loss, trauma, consciousness or as collective, intergenerational or multigenerational trauma (Paradies, 2016a). Disparities in medical care experienced by indigenous patients compared to non-indigenous patients have also been found. As UB seeks to expand its commitment to Indigenous studies, a new course being offered this spring in the School of Public Health and Health Professions aims to teach students about the health disparities Indigenous populations face. Jonathan Dart reports on how the government aims to improve Aboriginal health by tackling the social problems undermining their communities. Racism can be conceptualized as unfair and avoidable disparities in power, resources, capacities, or opportunities centered on ethnic, racial, religious or cultural differences (Berman & Paradies, 2010). In addition, internalized racism has been examined in qualitative studies (Bennett, 2014; Clark, Augoustinos, & Malin, 2016; Doyle et al., 2017; Hickey, 2016; Poupart, 2003). Compared to non-Indigenous Australians, Indigenous Australians experience marked disparities in morbidity … Dean Seneca, instructor. Findings from Norway suggest that the perpetrators can be indigenous or non-indigenous, and can include colleagues, peers, and people in authority such as teachers and public officials (Hansen et al., 2016). A recent review of data from 23 countries details ongoing evidence of worse health and social outcomes for the clear majority of indigenous peoples compared to their non-indigenous counterparts in relation to life expectancy, mortality, birthweight, malnutrition, obesity, educational attainment, and economic status. Seneca received his bachelor’s degree from UB and both master’s degrees from the University of Hawaii at Manoa. In an indigenous context, internalized racism is also sometimes known as lateral violence, and often centers on indigenous authenticity (e.g., skin color or cultural knowledge), manifesting as innuendo, exclusion, insults, sabotage, undermining, scapegoating, backstabbing or failure to respect privacy (Bennett, 2014). This may be the result of stress-induced hormonal dysregulation which could, in turn, contribute to various mental and physical disorders (Sarnyai et al., 2016). 7, 8 We reaffirm the sovereignty and rights of Indigenous peoples worldwide, including the right to health. Physical reactions can include headaches, nausea, muscle tension, or a rapid heart rate (Ferdinand et al., 2012; Paradies et al., 2012a, Paradies et al., 2012b). Balancing the art and science of medicine, focusing on disease-specific contexts and rebal-ancing the ratio of descriptive to interventional research “The outbreak of COVID-19 has made it clear that health officials need to be better prepared to handle such global pandemics,” says Seneca, who designed the course curriculum and will hold an adjunct position in the Department of Community Health and Health Behavior. The hidden health inequalities that Indigenous peoples face — High Country News – … Racism can manifest through cognitive beliefs (e.g., stereotypes), feelings (e.g., prejudice) or practices and behaviors that are discriminatory. He previously served as a senior health scientist in the Partnership Support Unit within the Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Registration for the course is currently open. ”, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Centers and Institutes for International Scholarship, NYS South Campus Vaccination Site Parking Information, UB to offer Indigenous health disparities course. Despite these resumes detailing equally qualified and experienced applicants, those with “indigenous” names attracted 35% fewer interviews than resumes with “White” names (Booth, Leigh, & Varganova, 2012). The project involves a recruitment strategy, a health-performance improvement program, patient journey audits, cultural-respect training, a cultural redesign initiative, counterracism policies, Indigenous leadership committee, consultation with local communities, and collaborative staff groups and partnerships (Martin & DiRienzo, 2012). These can include seeking social support, ignoring or avoiding situations in which racism could occur, minimizing the experience, reacting with humor or acceptance, making a complaint, reporting the incident to police or taking legal action. Efforts to “help” indigenous people participate in mainstream culture (e.g., the economy, education, etc.) “Using an evidence-based approach, I will draw on my 20-plus years of work with the CDC, and my experience in the field of infectious disease outbreaks, to provide students with an overview of the many health issues impacting Indigenous populations today and into the future,” Seneca says. 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